2017 SOUTH AFRICAN MACADAMIA CROP AND 2018 FORECAST
The 2017 South African macadamia season finished with a bigger crop than initially anticipated. More nuts were harvested during the last quarter of 2017 than usual, resulting in approximately 2 600 tons in excess of the season’s forecast of 42 000 tons of nut in shell (NIS). This brings the final figure for the 2017 crop to approximately 44 610 tons.
The Southern African Macadamia Growers’ Association (SAMAC) recently conducted its second crop forecast survey for the 2018 season. A total of 54 000 tons of NIS (nut-in shell at 1.5% kernel moisture content) is now estimated to be produced in 2018. The previous, preliminary forecast that was issued in December was 56 000 tons. The increase in production from 2017 to 2018 will thus be approximately 21%.
The kernel market is also gaining strength. Fifty five percent (55%) of the 2018 crop is expected to be processed to kernel in 2018, compared to approximately 49% in 2017. This means that not only will a higher percentage kernel be exported this year, but also more kernel in terms of volume. Nico van Schalkwyk, Marketing Manager at Golden Macadamias says that most of their 2018 has already been sold. “Despite higher volumes, the demand still outstrips the supply and most of our company’s crop has been sold already. The quality feedback from our growers is also positive for this season.” van Schalkwyk said.
The seven percent (7%) reduction in import duties in China for South African macadamias that was announced in November 2017 will furthermore have a positive effect to support the higher volumes of South African inshell macadamias that will be shipped to Asia this year. The import duty was reduced from 19% to 12%.
An updated crop forecast will be issued in May 2018.
Issued by the Southern African Macadamia Growers’ Association (SAMAC)
5 February 2018
The Southern African Macadamia Growers’ Association (SAMAC) recently conducted a crop forecast survey for the 2018 season. A figure of 56 000 tons of NIS (nut-in shell at 1.5% kernel moisture content) is estimated to be produced in 2018. This is still lower than the projected long term forecast of 57 600 tonnes in an industry that is expanding more rapidly than when the long term projections were made, although it should be noted that a more accurate forecast can only be made at the end of January. Although the final volume of the global 2017 macadamia crop will only be known in 2018, it is no secret that it was again a world record accompanied by record prices. “Despite the 2017 global crop being the largest ever recorded it is clear that the global demand has increased substantially. Consistency of supply has been a worrying aspect of the macadamia industry, so a significant increase in volume from the largest macadamia exporting nation, is what the market needs to satisfy this growing global demand and to continue to encourage new products with macadamias”, said Mr. Jens Borchert from Palm Nuts and More, a German-based macadamia importer and distributor.
The final 2017 crop volumes will also be made available in January, which it is anticipated to be slightly more than 42 000 tonnes NIS. Fifty two percent (52%) of the 2018 crop is expected to be produced in Mpumalanga, followed by Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and other regions (Table 1).
Table 1. Expected 2018 macadamia crop forecast distribution by province.
|Province||Limpopo||Mpumalanga||KwaZulu-Natal||Eastern Cape||Western Cape|
A reduction in import tariffs for macadamias was announced in late November by the Chinese Government. The tariff was reduced from 19% to 12%. SAMAC has been working hard with various role players, especially in China to facilitate a lower import duty and many months of discussions have finally paid off. This will assist the industry to remain competitive in one of its most important export markets.
Fifty five percent (55%) of the crop is expected to be processed to kernel in 2018, which is more than the previous season. Mr Walter Giuricich, chairman of SAMAC says “The industry is well on the road to recovery after the recent drought and the 2018 season macadamia crop is looking promising. Many handlers are expanding their markets, which is a positive sign of a growing industry. The demand for macadamias remains high and we are confident that the expected higher volumes will encourage the market to further grow and develop.”
An updated forecast will be issued in January 2018.
Issued by the Southern African Macadamia Growers’ Association (SAMAC)
8 December 2017
Contact: Barry Christie
Tel: +27 73 084 1772
News – Date: 04 November 2017
Written by: Isabel Venter
Four macadamia thieves appeared in the Louis Trichardt District Court this week where they were punished for their crimes.
Bushy Nedzamba Musiiwa (33), Always Nedzamba (43), Eric Makanise (42) and Jimmy Munyai (34) pleaded guilty to single counts of theft. They were caught red-handed while stealing a bakkie load full of macadamias from Mr Fritz Ahrens on 10 April this year.
According to Ahrens, the men (who were all in his employ at that stage) managed to switch off the security cameras in order for them to pick the nuts. They were caught leaving the farm with the bakkie.
In their plea explanation, which was read into the court record by their legal representative, the men did not give a reason as to why they had unlawfully taken a load of nuts. They did, however, offer an apology to Ahrens and asked the court not to hand down a sentence of direct imprisonment . The men stated that they, together with their families, had been punished enough in the months following their arrest since they lost their income.
“The complainant [Ahrens] has not suffered any financial loss … the goods were recovered in a good marketable condition,” said the four men.
State prosecutor Bethuel Makhado pointed out to the court, however, that the fact that the men were without employment and income was as a result of their own actions. “Did they work on the farm for free? No, they committed a serious offence. If this court does not give out stiffer sentences, we will not be rid of this cancer … day in and day out this court deals with the theft of avocadoes and macadamias,” said Makhado.
Makhado further pointed out that, taking into consideration that all four had been employed at the farm, they might have been at the head of an established syndicate.
The court took this into consideration and sentenced all four men to a fine of R10 000 or 18 months’ imprisonment, of which the fine was suspended to the amount of R5 000 or nine months wholly suspended for five years.
This in effect means that the men were slapped with a R5 000 fine each, which they were ordered to pay in instalments over the next three months. Their bail money, which they paid in the amount of R5 000 after their arrest, was also declared forfeited to the State.
November 22, China’s Tariff Policy Commission of the State Council promulgated changes to 2017 tariff policies. According to the notice, effective December 1, import tariffs for some consumer goods will be reduced by implementing a provisional tax rate.
A total of 10 nuts and dried fruit are among those affected. This is the first major adjustment to tariff policy since the value-added tax on imported agricultural products was reduced to 11% in July.
Import tariffs on the Brazil nut, cashew, and pecan will fall to 7%—this includes dried, fresh, in-shell and no-shell goods. As for the macadamia nut, the tariff rate will drop from 19% to 12%. Almond and pistachio tariffs remain unchanged at 10% and 5% respectively.
With regard to dried fruit, duties on both dried coconut and avocado (dried and fresh) will be reduced to 7%. The import tariff rate on dried cranberries remains at 15%, however.
Overall, growing demand and upgraded consumption by Chinese consumers necessitates the reduction of tariff rates on agricultural goods. At the same time, tariff reductions for products, such as the macadamia nut and avocado, bring some primary supplier countries closer to the benefits enjoyed by nations with a free trade agreement with China.
Taken from: http://www.producereport.com/article/china-cuts-import-tariffs-dried-fruit-nuts
November 2017. Research and knowledge on the effects of nut consumption on human health has increased in recent years, suggesting that nut consumption may play a key role in the prevention of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), among others.
Some chronic diseases are accompanied by a state of low-grade of inflammation which influences the progression and development of the disease. Changes in this inflammatory state can be identified via inflammatory biomarkers, for example C-reactive protein. Endothelial dysfunction is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease. This recent systematic review and meta-analysis, published in BMJ Open journal, examined the effect of nut consumption on inflammatory biomarkers and endothelial function[i].
Thirty-six articles describing 32 studies were included in this review. In the studies, nuts were consumed in either prescribed doses (18 to 85g/day) or as a percentage of dietary energy, so that the amount of nuts provided to each subject was different.
The study found evidence for favorable effects on flow mediated dilation, a measure of endothelial function. These findings align with a review conducted by the European Food Safety Authority in 2011 to substantiate the health claim: “Walnuts contribute to the improvement of the elasticity of blood vessels”. There was however a lack of consistent evidence on inflammatory biomarkers.
The study concluded that including nuts within a healthy dietary pattern may have favorable effects on endothelial dysfunction, which is associated with cardiovascular disease.
“This research helps to identify the mechanisms by which nut consumption may contribute to reduced cardiovascular disease risk in the context of a heart healthy diet. It adds to the scientific evidence which is built upon with continued research,” said Prof. Linda Tapsell and her colleague, Dr. Elizabeth Neale at University of Wollongong (Australia), both Principal Investigators of this research.
This study was supported by the INC International Nut and Dried Fruit Council.
About the International Nut & Dried Fruit Council
INC members include more than 700 nut and dried fruit sector companies from over 70 countries. INC is the leading international organization regarding nuts and dried fruit health, nutrition, statistics, food safety, international standards and regulations.
[i] Neale EP, et al., 2017. The effect of nut consumption on markers of inflammation and endothelial function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open.